- By Michael Bartlett
Inhaled or ingested fibers of asbestos accumulate on the outer lining of the lungs, heart or abdomen over the years, as our bodies are not designed to naturally dispose of this toxic mineral, and may lead to the development of malignant tumors.
Due to the absence of perceivable symptoms during the early stages, mesothelioma is often detected when cancer is advanced and has metastasized to several other organs. Treatment options are very limited at this point and mesothelioma is typically unresponsive, hence why this disease is often terminal.
Approximately 3,000 people in the U.S. lose their lives to mesothelioma annually. Thus, it is probably not surprising that numerous famous individuals were also diagnosed with this disease decades following asbestos exposure, as mesothelioma entails a long latency period of 20 to 50 years. The following ten celebrities have tragically passed away after struggling with mesothelioma.
Merlin Olsen was a professional football player, as well as an accomplished broadcaster and actor. He played in the National Football League as a defensive tackle for 15 years with the Los Angeles Rams and appeared in several well-known films, including Something Big, Time Bomb and The Juggler of Notre Dame. Olsen was also recognized as Athlete of the Century by the state of Utah and was also awarded the title of Walter Camp Man of the Year in 1982.
He was diagnosed with peritoneal mesothelioma in 2009, which the football player attributed to his repeated exposure to asbestos. When he was 11, Merlin Olsen got a summer job on a construction site, which involved prolonged contact with asbestos-containing materials. Consequently, he filed a lawsuit against ten asbestos manufacturers responsible for his early exposure, as well as against 20th Century Fox and NBC Studios, as Olsen claimed they were also accountable for his development of mesothelioma. His diagnosis was "caused from significant cumulative lifetime exposure to many asbestos products, including heavy equipment parts", according to the original lawsuit. Merlin Olsen passed away on March 11, 2010, at the age of 69, in Duarte, California.
Malcolm McLaren is considered by many to have been the godfather of the British punk rock movement, as he brought together the four members of Britain's first punk band, The Sex Pistols. He was a musician himself, a visual artist, as well as a fashion designer, owning the notorious SEX boutique in London, which greatly influenced the aesthetic of the punk movement during the 1970s. McLaren is also well-known for his collaboration with Vivienne Westwood, who used to design clothes for his boutique.
Although a doctor had dismissed what appeared to be pleural plaques caused by asbestos after a routine chest scan, claiming the spots were benign, the artist was subsequently diagnosed with peritoneal mesothelioma in 2009 and proceeded to seek treatment in Switzerland. However, due to the advanced stage of cancer, Malcolm McLaren passed away on 8 April 2010, at the age of 64, shortly after finding out about his condition. He suspected exposure to asbestos had occurred in his clothing boutique, particularly when he tried to tear open the ceiling in an attempt to make the store look as a bomb had hit it, as asbestos was a highly prevalent building material before the mid-1980s.
With an outstanding career of over 40 years in the film and television industry, Ed Lauter is regrettably another celebrity whose life was profoundly affected by mesothelioma. He is famous for his roles in Born on the Fourth of July, The Longest Yard and The Artist, as well as in multiple popular TV series, including NYPD Blue, CSI: Crime Scene Investigation and The X Files. As a versatile and prolific actor, Lauter appeared in an impressive number of over 200 films and television projects, playing a wide variety of characters. He was also a stand-up comedian.
Ed Lauter found out about his pleural mesothelioma diagnosis in 2013. Although the circumstances of his exposure to the toxic minerals could not be precisely identified, his wife, Mia Lauter, filed a wrongful death lawsuit against several renowned automotive, broadcasting and manufacturing companies such as John Crane, Inc., Ford Motor Company, and CBS Corporation. According to the lawsuit, the actor's exposure to the carcinogen occurred at various movie studios and sets in Los Angeles, where he had worked for approximately 20 years between 1958 and 1979. Lauter passed away five months after he was diagnosed, on October 16, 2013. The Ed Lauter Foundation was established in his honor, awarding annual scholarships to aspiring actors.
Paul Rudolph was an architect and the dean of the Yale School of Architecture for six years. He is renowned for his complex floor plans and modernist exteriors, having designed numerous famous works such as the Yale Art and Architecture Building, with its complex brutalist structure, which was subsequently named the Rudolph Hall in his honor, the Lippo Centre in Hong Kong, also known as The Koala Tree due to the building's extruding windows, and the Wisma Dharmala Tower in Jakarta.
Prolonged exposure to asbestos led to Rudolph's diagnosis of peritoneal mesothelioma as well. He had served in the U.S. Navy for three years during the 1940s when the toxic minerals were still widely employed in the military. The architect died on August 8, 1997, in New York City, while he was designing the plans for a new town of 250,000 people in Indonesia, as well as a private residence and office complex, which would have been built-in Singapore.
The King of Cool, as Steve McQueen was also known as due to his famous role in The Great Escape, is perhaps the most well-known victim of mesothelioma. He was also one of the highest-paid actors in the U.S. during the 1970s, having starred in numerous popular movies such as The Magnificent Seven, Sand Pebbles and Wanted: Dead or Alive. One of McQueen's most iconic movie scenes is undoubtedly the car chase in Bullitt.
Steve McQueen had also served in the U.S. Marine Corps for three years, between 1947 and 1950, when he was honorably discharged. His first exposure to asbestos occurred while the actor was removing asbestos-containing insulation from a ship at the Washington D.C. Naval Yard. Additionally, the flame-retardant suits McQueen would wear while enjoying his hobby, car racing might have significantly contributed to the development of pleural mesothelioma as well since asbestos was commonly used for this equipment due to its fireproofing properties.
The formal diagnosis was received by Steve McQueen in December 1979, when cancer was quite advanced and accompanied by severe symptoms. The actor died of a heart attack on November 7, 1980, at the age of 50, following a surgery during which multiple malignant tumors were removed from his neck and abdominal cavity. Despite the U.S. doctors' warning regarding the tremendous risks of such a procedure, Steve McQueen decided to undergo the intervention in Ciudad Juarez, Mexico, where he also tried a series of alternative treatments in hopes of curing his cancer.
Jerre Noe was a computer scientist, most famous for his impressive contribution to modern electronic banking. During the 1950s, he led the technical team of the ERMA Project as the SRI's Assistant Director of Engineering in California. The aim of the project, which has been conducted by SRI International for the Bank of America over the course of five years, was to automate bank bookkeeping. It resulted in a remarkable achievement: the first computerization of banking in the entire U.S. Thus, checks began to have pre-printed account numbers and the scientists also created a check reader, which could accurately process ten checks per second. Noe is recognized as one of the pioneers of computer science and engineering and his team was subsequently awarded the Weldon B. Gibson Achievement in 2001, in recognition of their astounding efforts and excellence.
The scientist passed away on November 12, 2005, at the age of 82, six weeks after he was diagnosed with peritoneal mesothelioma. Although the exact cause of Jerre Noe's condition was not revealed or is not known, it is highly possible that exposure to asbestos was the culprit in his case as well, since the carcinogenic minerals were widely employed by numerous industries throughout the last century. Moreover, Noe had also worked on a radar research in Europe during World War II, where exposure might have occurred.
Olympic wrestler Terry McCann won three consecutive AAU National Championships, as well as the Gold Medal in the bantamweight division of freestyle wrestling at the Summer Olympics in Rome, in 1960. He had an outstanding career in wrestling, having been first nominated to participate in the Olympics in 1956. However, McCann refused the opportunity, as he was bound to complete his education. Terry McCann was also an accomplished wrestling coach and a surfer.
Despite having been experiencing a series of unusual symptoms, such as chest pain and shortness of breath, the wrestler dismissed the signs and attributed his discomfort to aging. The pleural mesothelioma diagnosis ensued approximately one year later, in 2005. Terry McCann had been extensively exposed to asbestos in the 1950s, while he was working in an oil refinery. He would return home with a fine white dust covering his hair and clothes, which he was not aware was in fact asbestos. On June 7, 2006, Terry McCann died in California, at the age of 72.
Jazz pioneer Joe Sample is renowned for his unique and eclectic style of music, a fusion of bebop, blues, soul, and funk. He was a keyboard player, composer, and pianist, as well as one of the founding members of the Jazz Crusaders, a band which changed its name to The Crusaders in 1971. Over the course of his successful musical career, Sample has collaborated with numerous famous performers and groups, including Eric Clapton, B. B. King, the Supremes and George Benson. His career as a solo artist was also impressive. One of the most well-known songs Joe Sample wrote is One Day I'll Fly Away, which was covered by Nicole Kidman in the 2001 film Moulin Rouge.
Additional details regarding Sample's mesothelioma diagnosis have not been revealed. However, the musician passed away on September 12, 2014, in Houston, Texas, at the age of 75. His death was formally attributed to cancer of the pleura.
Musician and songwriter Warren Zevon is perhaps most famous for his hits Roland the Headless Thompson Gunner, Werewolves of London and Excitable Boy, as well as for other popular songs he wrote for various artists, such as Accidentally Like a Martyr and Poor Poor Pitiful Me. Oftentimes, he would also be invited on The Late Show with David Letterman, where Zevon occasionally performed as a bandleader.
Warren Zevon was diagnosed with peritoneal mesothelioma in 2002 but refused treatment, as he was bound to record The Wind, his final album. His last performance took place on October 30, 2002, as the sole guest on The Late Show with David Letterman, where the musician also discussed his battle with cancer. Even though the circumstances of his exposure to asbestos were never described by Zevon, his son, Jordan, believes exposure occurred in his father's childhood, as Warren used to frequently play in the attic of the carpet store owned by his father (asbestos was a common insulating material). Following his death on September 7, 2003, at the age of 56, the artist was nominated for five Grammy Awards, two of which he won.
With a remarkable acting career of over four decades, Paul Gleason is perhaps best-known for his role in The Breakfast Club, where he portrayed the assistant principal Richard Vernon. Gleason has starred in 140 films and TV shows, including famous titles such as Die Hard, All My Children, Seinfeld, Trading Places and Johnny Be Good, mostly in the role of disagreeable or tough characters. Additionally, he was also a successful athlete. Paul Gleason had a short-lived professional basketball career with the Cleveland Indians and often participated in celebrity gold tournaments as well.
Paul Gleason received his pleural mesothelioma diagnosis in 2006 and passed away three weeks later, on May 27, at the age of 67. The actor's exposure to asbestos occurred during his teenage years when he used to work on construction sites with his father, as asbestos was widely present in numerous building materials and products until the mid-1980s.
Other noteworthy famous persons who died of mesothelioma include:
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