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Occupational Risk of Colorectal Cancer: An Overview

By Michael Bartlett

Posted on November 21st, 2018

The use of asbestos in various industries was prevalent before 1980 and the menace of asbestos was carefully covered up by companies. People who work in certain jobs may be at risk of developing colorectal cancer because of the exposure to asbestos during certain industrial processes.

Colorectal cancer is the third most common malignancy in the United States. Recent studies show that incidence rates have sharply increased lately and males are the most predisposed to develop this form of cancer. Some studies suggest that colorectal cancer is strongly associated with industrial exposure, both occupational and environmental, although these risk factors are generally unrecognized by clinicians. Nowadays, there is a tendency to attribute colorectal cancer to lifestyle and dietary factors, thus neglecting industrially related environmental exposure, including ionizing radiation and polluted drinking water.

Colorectal Cancer and Asbestos Exposure

Although colorectal cancer is not generally considered to be caused by occupational exposure, there have been reported elevated risks for workers in some industries handling asbestos.

Since 1980, occupational exposure to asbestos was the stimulus for large-scale cancer studies. A conclusive study monitored for 19 years the health of 632 insulation workers who entered the industry before 1943. The authors of the study had expected 5.2 deaths, but data revealed 17 deaths were attributed to colorectal cancer, indicating that asbestos exposure increases the development of colorectal cancers. A study published in 1994, in the American Journal of Epidemiology found that asbestos workers were 1.4 more predisposed to developing colorectal cancer.

The American Cancer Society's estimates for 2019:

  • 101,420 new cases of colon cancer
  • 44,180 new cases of rectal cancer
  • 51,020 deaths

Occupations with Exposure Risk Factors

The hypothesis that occupational risk factors are associated with colorectal cancer is gaining ground, and high risks have been reported among workers in some industries' branches. These may include:

  • Construction and painting - exposure to asbestos, silica, diesel engine exhaust, coal products, paint, and solvents, can increase risk.
  • Manufacturing and mining industries - exposure to fossil fuels, asbestos, silica, can considerably increase the risk
  • Service industries - exposure to diesel engine exhaust
  • Agriculture, forestry, and fishing - exposure to agricultural chemicals
  • Shipbuilding industry - exposure to asbestos.
  • Flight attendants - exposure to more ionizing radiation at high altitudes

Asbestos exposure is also a major concern in older buildings, where asbestos fibers can be released indoors and pose a health threat. A case-control study has shown elevated risks identified for workers in occupations and industries including printing machine operators, food manufacturing, communication workers, and workers in the petroleum product trade. U.S. military veterans were directly in contact with asbestos, because of the military's reliance on asbestos products, particularly on Navy ships. 1 in 500 shipyard employees was an asbestos insulator. The succeeding jobs also put shipyard workers to direct exposure to asbestos: shipbuilders, machinists, pipefitters, electricians, and boilermakers.

Colon Cancer Warning Signs Never to Ignore

Knowing colorectal cancer symptoms and understanding the risks and implications may help you to prevent a progression of this disease, or at least catch it early. Do not ignore any general symptoms of abdominal discomfort such as irregular bowel movements and bloating. The symptoms and signs of colorectal cancer include:

  • Change in bowel habits
  • Blood in the stool
  • Pain or a lump in the abdomen
  • Unexplained iron-deficiency anemia
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Constant tiredness

It is important to note that most of the signs and symptoms of colorectal cancer are similar to those of certain common conditions such as hemorrhoids, irritable bowel syndrome, and infection. Still, if these symptoms are severe and long-lasting, talk with your doctor and ask to schedule a colonoscopy. If cancer is diagnosed, symptom management, palliative care, or supportive care, remains an important part of cancer care and treatment.

Why Is Colorectal Cancer Screening Important?

Colorectal cancer often starts as a growth called a polyp inside the colon or rectum. Signs and symptoms may be minimal or even non-existent during the early stage. Often, the signs and symptoms of colorectal cancer do not develop until the disease enters stage II, and therefore people need to undergo screening regularly. Screening is a medical procedure of looking for cancer in people who have no symptoms of the disease. Regular colorectal cancer screening can detect colorectal cancer at an early stage, and might be easier to treat. When colorectal cancer is found before it has spread, the 5-year relative survival rate is about 90%. Unfortunately, only 1 out of 3 people in the U.S. choose to be screened. Therefore, it is imperative to know that regular testing could save your life from this disease, or additional distress like cost and health coverage issues.

Even medical experts have a difficult time identifying diseases caused by asbestos exposure. Misdiagnosis is quite common in victims of asbestos exposure, because of which we also advise you to seek second and even a third opinion if you receive a diagnosis of colorectal cancer.

If you are struggling with colorectal cancer which might be the result of occupational asbestos exposure, we strongly advise you to take legal action. At Environmental Litigation Group, our asbestos-related colon cancer attorneys can help streamline your legal access to a full and fair compensation.