- By Shaniqua Williams
While the cleanup operations conducted by the Environmental Protection Agency at the infamous former vermiculite mining site in Libby, Montana are nearly completed, numerous other towns throughout the U.S. are still struggling to eliminate the hazard of past asbestos use. Ambler, Pennsylvania is without a doubt one of the most severely affected regions. The town's long history of asbestos manufacturing has resulted in over 3 million tons of waste, popularly known as the "Ambler Piles" or the "White Mountains of Ambler" among residents, which are currently spread over 25 acres of land, serving as a grim reminder of Ambler's toxic legacy.
Ambler, a town situated approximately 16 miles of Philadelphia, had been the leading producer of asbestos insulation in the U.S. ever since 1875. However, it was not until 1881 that Ambler began manufacturing asbestos. The unprecedented rate of which the carcinogenic minerals were produced would later bring about the town's reputation of "the asbestos-manufacturing capital of the world" within the industry. Additionally, in 1896, Richard Mattison, a young scientist, founded the nation's first asbestos textile plant in Ambler, which has significantly increased the town's already incredible use of asbestos by manufacturing fireproof curtains, brake linings, boiler insulation and other similar products.
Over the course of approximately 44 years, enormous amounts of hazardous waste have been dumped at a site located in proximity to a residential and commercial area, thereby endangering the lives of thousands of residents. It is estimated that the total volume of the asbestos-containing materials at the Ambler site exceeds 1.5 million cubic yards. According to a 2016 report from Environmental Working Group, "the legacy of asbestos in the Philadelphia region is one of the worst in the country, with annual mortality rates from asbestos-triggered diseases far higher than the national average". The dumping of asbestos waste ceased in 1974, around the time when the minerals were officially recognized as a known human carcinogen by multiple government agencies.
So alarming was the town's asbestos issue that on June 10, 1986, the Ambler Asbestos Piles Superfund Site was included on the National Priorities List and intense cleanup operations followed shortly after. Nevertheless, despite the Environmental Protection Agency's incessant efforts to dispose of the waste, asbestos continues to represent a legitimate concern for the residents of Ambler. Although the cleanup projects were successfully completed in 1993 and the risk of exposure has been minimized, traces of asbestos might still be present in the town's soil and water, while 142 people in Montgomery County have lost their lives to mesothelioma between 2000 and 2009.
Montgomery County's mortality rate is shocking as well, with 19.1 deaths per 100,000 residents. This is nearly twice as high as the national average, which is roughly 11. "Ambler, Pennsylvania, is just one of many American communities still haunted by the most horrific and long-running public health crisis in history - asbestos waste contamination", said ADAO President Linda Reinstein. The Ambler Asbestos Piles Superfund Site was removed from the National Priorities List in 1996 when the Environmental Protection Agency finally declared it safe for human health. However, the havoc caused by the asbestos industry in Ambler still has a profound echo, as residents who were exposed to high levels of toxic minerals several decades ago continue to be diagnosed with lung cancer, asbestosis or mesothelioma.
In 2009, a second asbestos waste site in Ambler was added on the National Priorities List and cleanup operations have been relentlessly ongoing ever since. The BoRit site is comprised of a reservoir, a waste pile, and a closed park, and has been employed between the early 1900s and the 1960s by a manufacturing plant. Despite the obvious hazard, there have been plans to build a multi-story housing complex in the area.
The Director of Policy and Prevention Education at the Meso Foundation, Diane Blackburn-Zambetti, has tackled the matter at the BoRit Asbestos Superfund Citizen Advisory Group Meeting in 2015. "If constructed, this apartment complex will be the first-ever residential housing project permitted on an asbestos waste disposal site in the United States. In the year 2015, we are still suffering asbestos exposures from an insulation factory dating back to 1875. If this complex is approved, we will see asbestos disease for many decades into Ambler's future", she stated. The construction project is currently on hold.
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